A Newly Identified Phallus (Phallaceae, Basidiomycota) Species, P. hadriani, in South Korea

Jong Won Jo1   Joungkyo Sim2   Joo Suk Sim3   Young-Nam Kwag1   Hyung So  Kim1   Sang Young Park1   Sang-Kuk  한4   Jae-Gu Han5   Seung Hwan Oh1   Chang Sun Kim1,*   

1Forest Biodiversity Division, Korea National Arboretum, Pocheon 11186, Korea
2Division of Green Area, Donghae City Hall, Donghae 25755, Korea
3Department of Forest income, Gangwon City Hall, Chuncheon 24266, Korea
4Research Planning and Coordination, Korea National Arboretum, Pocheon 11186, Korea
5Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration, Eumseong 27709, Korea


As part of the mushroom surveys in the unexplored areas of Korea in 2019 and 2020, a phalloid fungus was found in a saline sand beach. The specimen was mainly characterized by its reticulate pileus and violet volva with well-developed rhizomorphs. Based on ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing and morphological characteristics, the specimen was identified as Phallus hadriani. Additionally, a morphological comparison of closely related species was performed. This study describes for the first time the presence of P. hadriani in Korea.

Figures & Tables

Fig. 1. Morphological characters of . A-C: KA19-1233. D, E: KA19-1234. F, G: Hyphae of volva in 1% Congo Red, clamp connections indicated with white arrow. H: Basidiospore in 3% KOH. I: Cells of stipe in 1% Congo Red. Scales bars: A-E=5 cm, F, I=40 μm, G, H=10 μm.