Mycelial Growth and in vitro Ectomycorrhizal Synthesis on Pinus densiflora Seedlings of Tricholoma bakamatsutake in Korea

Sung-Min Jeon1   Kang-Hyeon Ka1   Ki-Sung Hong2   


Tricholoma bakamatsutake is one of the edible ectomycorrhizal mushrooms as an allied species of Tricholoma matsutake. This is the first report on physical characteristics of T. bakamatsutake strains collected from Quercus mongolica forests in Korea. The pure cultures of these strains were isolated from the tissues of fruit bodies and the culture characteristics were investigated under different conditions (media, temperatures, nitrogen sources). Most strains showed the highest mycelial growth on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 20 or 25ºC. Two strains of T. bakamatsutake preferred the ammonium-form rather than the nitrate-form as an inorganic nitrogen source. T. bakamatsutake showed significantly slower mycelial growth when compared with T. matsutake from a Korean forest, although the optimum culture conditions for the two allied species were similar. We also tested the ability to form mycorrhizae as well as cellulase activity of T. bakamatsutake. All strains showed cellulase activity on a carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) agar plate. The mycorrhizae on axenic Pinus densiflora seedlings were formed by two strains of T. bakamatsutake after 3 or 8 months of inoculation. P. densiflora seedlings inoculated with T. bakamatsutake had a much higher biomass than un-inoculated seedlings.


본 연구는 국립산림과학원 ` 산림미생물 유전자원의 수집 및 증식 보존 기술 연구(FP 0801-2010-01) ' 와 ` 송이 시험지 모니터링 및 송이 실현재배(FP 0801-2013-01) ' 의 지원을 받아 수행되었습니다.

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