Isolation of Three Unrecorded Yeasts from the Guts of Earthworms Collected from Korea

Hyejin Oh1   Myung Kyum Kim1,*   

1Department of Bio & Environmental Technology, College of Natural Science, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul 01797, Korea


In 2021, seven yeast strains were isolated from earthworm (Eisenia andrei) gut samples collected from the Nanji Water Regeneration Center in Goyang City, Gyeonggi Province, Korea. A total of seven yeasts were isolated, of which three strains have not been previously reported in Korea. To identify the yeasts, pairwise sequence comparisons of large subunit (LSU) rDNA sequences were performed using the basic local alignment search tool (BLAST). Assimilation test and cell morphology analysis were performed using the API 20C AUX kit and phase contrast microscope, respectively. Five of the seven strains were assigned to the genus Candida of the order Saccharomycetales of the class Saccharomycetes, and two to the genus Apiotrichum of the order Trichosporonales of the class Tremellomycetes. The yeast strain Candida sojae E2 belongs to the family Debaryomycetaceae, and Apiotrichum laibachii E8 and A. laibachii E9 belong to the family Trichosporonaceae. All strains were cultured in yeast mold agar for three days and showed different colony forms. C. sojae E2 was round and entire shaped, while A. laibachii E8 and A. laibachii E9 was round and convex shaped. This study focuses on the description of the three yeast strains that have not been officially reported in Korea.

Figures & Tables

Fig. 1. Morphology of cells from the unrecorded strains incubated at 10℃. The colonies of (A) E2, (C) E8, and (E) E9 cultured in yeast mold agar (YM). The colonies of (B) E2, (D) E8, and (F) E9 cultured in potato dextrose agar (PDA).